People with FoMO more likely to be addicted to social sites usage

New study suggests that those who fear of not been able to keep up with their friends, therefore, and consequently missing some fun are more likely to use Facebook or Twitter as compared to others who don’t have the same fear.
FoMO
Experts believe that, through social media, people were able to keep up-to-date with each other’s each movement like never before.  This becomes an obsession, which might lead to “fear of missing out” (FoMO). A new study now has the way to measure the concept of FoMO.

The study that is about to be published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior is the first of its kind that will delve further into investigating the fear of missing out phenomenon.  FoMO got recognized about three years ago at the time wherein social media use become prevalent because of mobile phones being able to access them now.

Lead researcher and psychologist Dr. Andy Przybylski, asserted that FoMO is not new, but with more and more people using social media sites, things have change as there are more people using it than it was before.

The only issue with FoMO is how they become much involved with social media because they want to see their friends.  This result for them to ignore what makes them happy.

Przybylski noted how Facebook usage was changing.  It is not longer the social site that it was used to be as people can gain access from it through their mobile phone.

The research team formulates a way of how they measure an individual’s level of FoMO.

What researchers found out is that people under the age of 30 were more affected than others from FoMO. For this group, social media is a necessity rather than just something that they want.

Przybylski noted that when a “psychological needs were deprived”, these individuals will turn to the use of social media. This explains how individuals feel more attached and why some people use social media more than others.

The discovery leads for researchers to come into conclusion high level of fear of missing out were more likely to give into the temptation of composing and to check text messages and e-mails while driving. These are the same people who were easily distracted during University sessions and more mixed feelings about their social media use.

Kids with ASD more likely to become Video Game Addicts

A new study suggests that kids with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) might become addicted to video game as they grow older.
kid playing video game
A researcher from the University of Missouri discovered that children with ASD use screen-based media, such as television and video games, a lot more compared to kids without ASD.

Micah Mazurek, an assistant professor of health psychology and a clinical child psychologist said that most parents and clinicians noticed how technology interest kids with ASD.

She added that kids with ASD like to spend most of their time playing video games than other children without the symptom.  There is a high tendency that such kids will be addicted to video game play as they grow up.

The study was based on 202 children and adolescents with ASD and 179 typically developing siblings.

The researcher found out that those with ASD spent most of their time with computer games and less time socializing on social media like Facebook. Aside from playing video games, those with ASD like watching TV than to participate in any physical activities.

On the other hand, those without mental health issues like hanging out with their friends and spending time with them playing outdoors.

In a separate study of 169 boys with ASD, researcher has connected video game use with disputed behaviors like how they refuse to follow directions or likes to argue.

However, Mazurek noted that the studies are not a clear proof that video game and behavioral problem connected with one another.

Kids with ASD might be showing interest over video games because of the rewards that they can get from playing video games.   They don’t need to see the other person face-to-face whenever they want to interact.

Mazurek advises parents to be wary about the bad effect of video games from kids with ASD.

Brain Activity can Tell if your Child is Autistic

Neuroscientists are now able to analyze the activity of the brain, which can be use to discover if a child has autism.

autistic kid

Scientist can tell if your child has autism by looking at their brain activity

In a new study, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Ohio and the University of Toronto used magnetoencephalography (MEG) in order to record and analyze brain activity patterns.  Researchers said that MEG use magnetic fields in measuring electrical currents in the neurons of the brain.

They wanted to clarify if the brain can communicate from one area to another.

Roberto Fernández Galán, Ph.D., an assistant professor of neurosciences at Case Western Reserve and one of researcher for the study said that the method they used was able to detect autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with 94 percent accuracy.

Galan noted that, through the study, they were able to discover that the connection of quantitative tools that complement the existing diagnostic tools for autism based on behavioral tests.

The study got 19 children participants and nine of them have ASD.  Researchers use 141 sensors to track the activity of each child’s cortex. Through the use of the sensors, they were able to tell how different regions communicated with each other while resting.

The researchers added that the stronger connections can be found between rear and frontal areas of the brain in the autistic children.  There was an asymmetrical flow of information to the frontal region, but not vice versa.

According to the theory of the researchers, the finding may be use to recognize anatomical abnormalities in brains of children with autism. Some of the latest measurement of functional connectivity does not prove any interaction.

Aside from the brain connectivity, researchers were able to measure background noise, as well.

A spatial map of these inputs confirmed that there was more difficulty and structure in the control group than the ASD group, which had less variety and intricacy. Researchers added that the feature offered better distinction between the two groups, which provide an even stronger measure of criteria than functional connectivity alone, with 94 percent accuracy.

Case Western Reserve’s Office of Technology Transfer has filed a provisional patent application for the analysis’ algorithm, investigating the brain’s activity while resting.

Severe Schizophrenia is connected with Marijuana use

A new study suggests that schizophrenia patients who had used marijuana before are more likely to stay in the hospital longer than those who did not use marijuana, as well as a higher rate of hospital readmission.

patient

A patient smoking weed

Peter Allebeck, M.D., Ph.D., professor of social medicine in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden said that patients with history of using marijuana may have severe schizophrenia.

Researchers got 50,087 male Swedish army recruits (ages 18 to 19 years) as participants for the study.  All of which underwent medical assessments and structured interviews by psychologists, which include questions on family and socioeconomic background, work, leisure activities, and use of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco.

It is impossible to distinguish a person who uses cannabis (marijuana) from nonusers in terms of psychiatric diagnoses.

Out of the 50,087 participants, 5391 were addicted to cannabis. Throughout the study, researchers were able to identify 350 patients that have schizophrenia, and among these patients, 58 used cannabis.

At first admission for schizophrenia, the only schizophrenia subtype that shows a difference was paranoid schizophrenia, for which cannabis users had a lower rate than those who are not using cannabis.

The time that the patients spend in the first hospital admission was almost twice as long for users as for nonusers (59 days vs 30 days). One third of users (34 percent) stayed more than 90 days while only 20 percent of nonusers were hospitalized that long on first admission.

Similarly, cannabis users had a median of 10 re-admissions than 4 re-admissions for nonusers. Almost, a third of the cannabis users had over 20 re-admissions — 29 percent of users vs 10 percent of nonusers.

Researchers found out that those who had used marijuana before spent more time in the hospital compared to non-users.

The timing of diagnosing Autism must be done according to the Kid’s behavior

A new study suggests that the age whereupon a child with autism gets diagnosed connected to the behavioral symptoms he or she displays.

autistic

A child with autism

Certain diagnostic features, which include poor nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors, were connected with earlier detection of the said disorder. Children who has a speech problem, and has a hard time relating to his/ her peers were more prone to the disease later on his/ her life.

Lead study author Matthew Maenner, Ph.D. believes that earlier that a parent detects that their child is autistic, the better support that they will be given; thus allowing them to succeed in their lives.

However, there seems to be a problem when you compare current research with what actually happens in schools and communities.  Despite the fact that the research suggests autism can be diagnosed at an early age of 2, only a few children with autism recognized in their communities by age 5.

Experts agreed that this happens because there are some autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

In the criteria that was summarized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition – Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), claimed that there are over 600 different symptom combinations that meet the minimum criteria to diagnose autistic disorder.

Earlier studies on age at diagnosis got concentrated on external factors like gender, socioeconomic status, and intellectual disability.

For the new research, Maenner and his associates studied the patterns of the 12 behavioral features used tin order to diagnose autism based on the DSM-IV-TR.

The study got participation from more than 2,700 children with an average age of eight year-old from 11 sites worldwide.   They discovered that there is a link between the presence of certain behavioral features and age at diagnosis.

The age of the participants by the time of the study had an average of 8.2 years and only seven of the listed behavioral features but dropped to just 3.8 years for children that display all 12 symptoms.

Children with a problem in their speech, imagination, repetitive motor behaviors, and displays stubbornness got diagnosed at a younger age.  However, those with speech problems and has a hard time relating to peers were more likely to be diagnosed at a later age.

The study suggests that those with a behavioral problem may be difficult to diagnosed at an early age.

How to know if a Kid suffers from ADHD?

If you are a parent, you need to know if your child suffers from ADHD. Even doctors cannot explain the causes of ADHD among toddlers; they only knew that an imbalance within the brain such as those that are structural and those that are functional is the culprit behind the disease. Children with ADHD, or “Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder”, typically start displaying symptoms of the disease in a very early in life. For a child to be declared with the said condition, they display symptoms for a period of six months or longer. Only through learning how to identify ADHD in toddlers, a child may obtain the treatment and therapy needed for the condition.

kid with ADHD

A kid with ADHD

ADHD is a syndrome that has many symptoms, which pertains to inattentiveness, impulsivity, distractibility and hyperactivity. Children with ADHD often got behavioral problem that some say that it are just normal since they are just kids. Kids with ADHD often display anger and abnormal temper tantrums. Children with ADHD seem to be always on the go, do not want to stay on one area.  This makes it hard for a parent to keep them at one place. If you play with the child, you would notice that they somehow act differently compared to other children of the same age. The child easily gets angered and gets frustrated often than other children.  However, someone who has been trained to handle a child with ADHD knows that the child is not really bad as they cannot only control their disease.

Some parents with ADHD kids say that their child act differently from other kids in some way. Toddler ADHD may cause a child to be delayed to have the ability of speaking walking; other motor skills develop by a healthy kid.  Because the child has ADHD, some people may think that the child is a snob since the kid pay less attention to anything they say compared to other children of the same age.  Kids with ADHD might have a hard time to maintain their balance at times.  Unlike other kids without the condition, the kid with ADHD might have a hard time doing even the simplest directions. One notable fact about kids with ADHD is that they do not know if something or someone might put them in danger.  It is also common for these kids to have a high threshold for pain.

Daily Stress can take its toll after a long time

New study reveals how you manage to control their emotions daily determined your overall mental health in the future.
daily stress

Researchers want to know if the daily bad experience does contribute to a person’s mental health or does it make a person stronger.

Susan Charles, Ph.D., of the University of California, Irvine and colleagues found out that how people react to the stresses on a daily predict long-term mental health.

The study that got published in Psychological Science uses data from two national surveys, wherein the researchers studied the link between daily negative emotions and mental health outcomes after ten years.

The researchers discovered that the negative emotions of the participant indeed predicted psychological distress and diagnosis of an emotional disorder such as anxiety or depression ten years after their emotions were measured.

The negative emotions of the most of the participants start from a simple argument or a problem at work or home.  All of these contribute and foretell psychological distress and self-reported emotional disorder 10 years after.

Researchers think that the secret to the study was the ability to tap a large, national community sample of participants coming from a wide age range.

The study got participant from 711 people with age ranging from 25 to 74. All of the said participants already participated in two national, longitudinal survey studies: Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) and National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE).

Charles and her associates said that the finding prove that mental health outcomes are not only affected by major life events — they also affected by the minor emotional experiences.

The study suggests that the chronic nature of these negative emotions in response to daily stressors can take a toll on long-term mental health.

History and Facts about Alzheimer’s Disease

A guy with alzheimer's disease

A guy with Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease comes from the name of the physician who first diagnosed the disease. Aloise Alzheimer, the guy who helped and care for patients with the unknown disease claimed that he discovered the nerve cells were abnormal.  The nerve cells have showed plaques and tangles on it, wherein some of the nerve cells in the brain died.  Today, doctors use the same findings that Aloise use before to diagnose the disease.

People who are in their sixties and seventies are endangered of acquiring the disease.  However, some rare cases show that those people in their forties can also be affected.   If you have a family member who got Alzheimer’s disease, you have a probability of acquiring the disease.  Aside from being a degenerative disease, Alzheimer’s is also a progressive disease, and if not treated with any medication, it might progress rapidly. As of now, no cure has been found for this disease.  The medicines  prescribed by doctors are just for slowing down the symptoms of the disease.

 If you fear that one of your relatives have Alzheimer’s then you need to know the first sign of the disease, which is memory loss.  Ask your relative if they have a hard time concentrating on whatever they are doing.  If your relative answers yes to the above symptoms, take them to the doctor for medical advice. The test is a blood test and a health check to know if the patient is suffering from the disease.

If the disease is already in the late stages, then your relative might also show signs of apathy, poor judgment, mood changes, not recognizing people or things around them and in some cases results to violence. You need to have patience because they are going to need a lot of help from their family or friends.  In some cases, they might even need a caregiver because they might have a hard time performing some of the simplest of tasks at home.

Some people with Alzheimer’s disease cannot even cook, dress, and take their own medication or anything else for themselves because they are in a vegetable like state.  If no one can take care of the patient at home, then it would be best to send the patient to a caregiver home. There, they can get all the help and support you needed.  A person who works there is familiar with the disease and has training in handling such patient.

Cotard’s Syndrome

The Cotard’s Syndrome (Walking corpse syndrome, Cotards delusion or Syndrome de Cotard) is a very rare mental disorder which makes people think they are dead. The patients affected by this mental disease have a strong belief that they have already died , do not exist or their blood or organs have been lost. Usually , those affected , have troubles performing tasks like personal hygiene (washing and health caring) and day to day activities like going to work or any kind of activity which normal people do.

Cotards Syndrome Definition

A simple definition is : mental disorder in which a person thinks that he/she is already dead and have capability of walking.

Cotards Syndrome Cases

There have been documented over 1000 cases in 2013 … Read below an interview with Graham , a person who has Cotard’s Syndrome and he explains everything from his side of view.

Cotards Syndrome Facts & Symptoms

A new study made on a patient with Cotards syndrome showed that PET scans realised on his brain reported low metabolism activity. Two doctors studying this disease made the first PET scan to a patients brain with Cotards Syndrome. What they revealed was shocking : large areas of frontal and parietal brain had almost no activity which is common to people in vegetative state.

“I’ve been analysing PET scans for 15 years and I’ve never seen anyone who was on his feet, who was interacting with people, with such an abnormal scan result,” says Laureys. “Graham’s brain function resembles that of someone during anaesthesia or sleep. Seeing this pattern in someone who is awake is quite unique to my knowledge.”

What causes Cotard’s Syndrome

what causes the cotards syndrome is unknown for the moment. All we know is that Cotards Syndrome is a very rare brain disease. Scientists make huge steps in order to find the cause and cure this rare disorder.

cotards syndrome and disease
Interview with a patient who has Cotard’s Disease or Syndrome : Dead Man walking .
His name is Graham. He has Cotard’s disease. 9 Years ago he woke up and found out he was dead. It was the begining of the developing syndrome called Cotard’s. People sick of Cotard’s will believe that them (their body or parts of their body) have died or no longer exist. For this patient it was the brain which he thought he had killed it earlier. He tried to commit suicide by electrocution in the bathroom and since then he always believed his brain was electrocuted time ago. Read more about this interview with a person who has Cotards in the link above.

“When I was in hospital I kept on telling them that the tablets weren’t going to do me any good ’cause my brain was dead. I lost my sense of smell and taste. I didn’t need to eat, or speak, or do anything. I ended up spending time in the graveyard because that was the closest I could get to death.”

Cotard’s Syndrome Treatment

I have asked lots of professional neurologists about a treatment for Cotard’s. There is no actual cure for Cotard’s disease (like it is for other mental disorders), however there have been made some clinical trials which were succesful to some patients which we’re treated with multiple pharmacological combinations like : antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers which showed improvement in behavior in tested patients. Haloperidol is one of the antipsychotics used in this clinical trial. All patients showed significant improvement which concludes that the reports are accurate and the scientists are on pace to finding a cure for Cotard’s Syndrome.

Fun Fact about Cotard’s Disease:
I have first found out about Cotard’s disease in one of my favourite TV shows about medicine : Scrubs. In this episode, a patient who is diagnosed with Cotard’s Syndrome appears when the doctor fails to ressucitate a patient. Then J.D. mentions to his fellow doctor : “Jerry has Cotard’s or walking corpse syndrome. The guy thinks he is dead even though he is walking around”

Famous people diagnosed with Cotard’s : Per Yngve Ohlin (“Dead”) the vocalist of black metal band Mayhem was diagnosed with Cotards delussion after he was ressuscitated caused by a car accident.

Let’s Share for Medical Care: If you know someone suffering from Cotards Syndrome we would like to hear your story. We can publish some facts based on your story (in which you will remain anonymously) and the only reason for doing this , is to help other people who have somene suffering from this mental disorder.