HEALTH FOR CHILDREN: HOW TO TREAT SCABIES?

Scabies is an irritating, itchy rash caused by a tiny mite. The burrowing and egg-laying of these mites produce a rash that nearly always affects the hands and fingers, particularly the clefts between the fingers. It may also affect the ankles, feet, toes, elbows, and the area around the genitals. The symptoms of scabies may take up to six weeks to appear. When the eggs hatch, they are easily passed on from one person to another by direct contact. They can also be picked up from bedding that is infested with the mites.

Possible Symptoms

  • Intense itchiness
  • Fine, short lines that end in a black spot the size of a pinhead, most often found between the fingers
  • Scabs on the itchy areas

Is it serious?

Scabies is not serious, but it is contagious, and can run through a family or a school class if not treated promptly.

What should I do first?

  1. If your child is scratching a lot, look for the fine lines of the mites’ burrows.
  2. If you suspect scabies, keep your child away from school until you have administered the treatment.
  3. Try to discourage her from scratching. This may hinder the doctor’s diagnosis, and cause sores to form that could become infected.

Should I seek medical help?

Seek medical advice if you suspect scabies, or if your child is scratching a lot.

What might the doctor do?

  • Your doctor will prescribe a lotion to be applied in sufficient quantity for the whole family to be treated.

What can I do to help?

  • After thorough washing, apply the lotion that your doctor has prescribed on the whole body below the neck, and let dry. Don’t wash it off for at least 24 hours. To ensure that you have completely cleared the mites, repeat the procedure for another 24 hours in a day or two.
  • Do the treatment for other members of the family simultaneously.
  • Launder or air all bedding and clothing to eradicate the mite. It does not live longer than five or six days after it is removed from human skin.

HEALTH FOR CHILDREN: HOW TO TREAT INGROWN TOENAILS?

When a toenail fails to grow straight out from the nail bed, but instead curves over into the sides of the toe, it is referred to as an ingrown toenail. This occurs most often on the nail of the big toe, and causes pain and discomfort. An ingrown toenail is more likely to occur if the toe is broad and plump, if the toenail is cut down at the sides instead of straight across, if it is small, or if tight shoes and socks have pushed the nail into the skin. If left untreated, the nail will penetrate the skin, possibly becoming infected, causing painful inflammation and a discharge of pus around the edges of the nail.

Are they serious?

It can be very painful, but it is not usually serious.

What should I do first?

  1. Examine the skin around the nail to see if the nail has penetrated the skin.
  2. Cut a tiny V shape in the top edge of the nail to relieve pressure on the sides of the nail.
  3. If there is any sign of redness or pus, apply a sterile dressing to the toe.

Should I seek medical help?

Seek medical advice if the nail has penetrated the skin, if you notice any redness or pus around your child’s toenail, or if ingrown toenails are a recurrent problem.

What might the doctor do?

  • Your child may be prescribed oral antibiotics to clear up the infection.
  • If the problem seems to be recurrent, you may have to consult a surgeon, who will examine your child’s toe and see whether the ingrown edge of the toenail should be removed. This is not a serious operation.

What can I do to help?

  • Whenever you cut your child’s toenails, trim them straight across, and not too short. Also, cut them regularly.
  • Make sure her shoes and socks are not too tight; allow her space to wiggle her toes.
  • If her toenail becomes infected, don’t put socks on her; cut the toe out of an old shoe, or let her wear sandals while the infection is clearing up.

HEALTH FOR CHILDREN: HOW TO TREAT HIVES?

Hives is a skin condition. The rash that results is easy to recognize: the skin erupts into white lumps on a red base, known as welts. The welts can be as small as pimples, or may be inches across. Hives can be caused by skin contact with an allergen, such as primulas, or it can result from eating certain foods, such as strawberries or shellfish, or from taking certain drugs, particularly penicillin and aspirin. Hives is common after a nettle sting. Each crop of welts is very itchy and lasts up to an hour. It then disappears, to be replaced by more welts elsewhere.

Is it serious?

Hives is not serious, but if it appears on the face, especially in or around the mouth, and is accompanied by swelling, you should dial 911 for emergency help. This allergic reaction is known as angioneurotic edema, and if the swelling spreads to the tongue or the throat, it can cause severe breathing problems.

Possible Symptoms

  • White lumps on a red base
  • Extremely itchy rash
  • Welts that disappear within an hour or so to be replaced elsewhere by other welts
  • Swelling on the face

What should I do first?

  1. Apply calamine lotion to soothe the skin.
  2. Give your child a warm bath to relieve itching.

Should I seek medical help?

Call for emergency help if hives on your child’s face cause swelling, particularly in and around the mouth. Call your doctor as soon as possible if the welts have not disappeared after several days, or if your child is miserably itchy.

What might the doctor do?

  • Your doctor may prescribe antihistamine medicine to relieve itchiness.
  • Your doctor may give your child an injection of adrenalin if the swelling is causing breathing problems.

What can I do to help?

If your child has frequent episodes, make a note of any new foods he might have eaten. If it is not an essential food for a growing child, you can exclude it for a week or two, then reintroduce it and watch for a reaction. Make a follow-up appointment with an allergist.

HEALTH FOR CHILDREN: HOW TO TREAT DIAPER RASH?

Diaper rash is a skin condition that affects the area normally covered by a baby’s diaper, and can occur whether the diapers used are cloth or disposable. There are several causes of diaper rash, but it is most commonly caused by urine and stool being left in contact with the skin for too long. Bottle-fed babies are more likely to suffer from this form of diaper rash than breastfed ones.

Diaper rash can also be caused by not drying your baby thoroughly enough after bathing. In such cases, the diaper rash is usually confined to the skin creases at the top of the thighs. If the rash covers most of the diaper area, and you use cloth diapers, it may be due to an allergic reaction to the chemicals in the laundry detergent used to wash them, or to a fabric softener. This reaction is an early sign of atopic eczema.

A rash that starts around the anus and moves over the buttocks and on to the thighs may not be diaper rash at all, but a yeast infection. 

Possible Symptoms

  • Redness over diaper area
  •  Redness that starts around the genitals and is accompanied by a strong smell of ammonia
  • Tight, papery skin with inflamed spots that have pus-filled centers
  • Soreness starts around the anus and moves over the buttocks and on to the thighs

Is it serious?

Diaper rash is not serious, and can be easily prevented and treated at home.

What should I do first?

  1. If you notice redness on your baby’s bottom, wash it with warm water and dry thoroughly. Apply an emollient cream to prevent skin irritation.
  2. Change diapers and wash your baby’s bottom at least every two to three hours, and as soon as she has had a bowel movement. Leave the diaper off whenever possible.
  3. Use one-way disposable diaper liners next to her skin, since these let urine pass through to the diaper while remaining dry. Don’t use talcum powder at all. It irritates the skin.
  4. Check inside her mouth. If there are white patches, try to wipe them off. If they leave raw, red patches, your baby has oral thrush (yeast), which may have caused the rash.

Should I seek medical help?

Consult the doctor if these measures fail to clear up the rash within a few days, or if you think your baby has thrush (yeast).

What might the doctor do?

If the diaper rash has become infected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. If your baby has signs of eczema, your doctor may advise you to change the brand of laundry detergent or fabric softener you use. If the diaper rash is caused by thrush (yeast), your child will be prescribed an antifungal cream.

How To Treat Foreign Object In Eye?

If a foreign object such as a speck of dust or grit enters your child’s eye, it will water and your child will not want to open it. If you can see something moving loosely over the white part, you can try to remove it. If, however, the foreign object is embedded in the eyeball or is on the coloured part of the eye (the iris), don’t touch it.

Possible Symptoms

  • Watery eye
  • Reluctance to open the eye
  • Pain and irritation
  • A visible embedded object

Is it serious?

Small specks of dust or grit in the eye are not serious since they are washed out naturally by the tears. But if your child’s eyeball is scratched, if an object has pierced  it, or if there is any kind of cut on the eyeball or eyelid, this is serious. If there is an object in the eyeball, do not try to take it out yourself. Take your child to your nearest hospital emergency department for treatment. 

What should I do first?

Look closely to see whether the foreign object is moving or embedded in the eye. Encourage your child to blink a few times—this may dislodge it, as may tears if he has been crying because of the pain and irritation. If the foreign object is embedded in the eye Do not attempt first aid treatment yourself. Keep your child’s eye closed by putting a pad over the eyelid and taping it securely in place. Go straight to the nearest hospital emergency department for treatment.

If the foreign object is not embedded in the eye

  1. Ask your child to look upward. Pull down the eyelid to see if the object is there. If it is, remove it with the corner of a clean handkerchief.
  2. Expose the area beneath the top lid by holding the eyelashes and pulling them back. Remove the object with the corner of a handkerchief. If your child won’t cooperate, you will need someone to help you. Seek medical assistance if necessary.
  3. If these methods don’t work, try to flush the foreign object out by gently pouring a glass of clean water across the open eye.

Should I seek medical help?

Go at once to the nearest emergency department if the eyeball is scratched, or if a foreign object has pierced the eye. Seek medical advice immediately if you cannot easily remove a floating foreign object from your child’s eye.

What might the doctor do?

  • The hospital doctor will remove the embedded foreign object from your child’s eye after putting drops of a local anaesthetic into the eye.
  • If the eyeball is scratched, the doctor will prescribe antibiotic drops to guard against infection and may bandage the eye to keep it closed for about 24 hours.

What can I do to help?

  • After the removal of the foreign object, the pain should ease in an hour or so. If it doesn’t, seek advice as soon as possible.

How To Treat Foreign Object In Ear?

The most common foreign objects that get stuck in a child’s ear are small items, such as beads, pushed in by the child or by a playmate. Very rarely, a small insect may fly into the ear and be trapped there.

Possible Symptoms

  • Pain and tenderness in the ear
  • A visible embedded object

Is it serious?

Any foreign object in the ear that cannot be removed easily should be regarded as serious because it may cause an infection of the external ear canal, otitis externa, or damage the eardrum.

What should I do first?

  1. If the object is small and soft, try to remove it with tweezers. If you can’t grasp it easily, leave it and seek medical advice as soon as possible.
  2. If the foreign object is an insect, lay your child on her side or tilt her head to one side with the affected ear uppermost, and pour warm water into the ear. The insect should float out.

Should I get medical help?

Follow medical guidance as soon as possible if the object cannot be removed, or if your child complains of pain and tenderness in the ear.

What might the doctor do?

After examining your child’s external ear canal, your doctor will remove the object and will treat any damage to the skin, or any infection that may have been caused by the foreign object.

What can I do to help?

Don’t let a child under three play with small objects that she could poke into her ear— or into her nose or mouth.

How To Treat Earache?

There are a number of causes of an earache. The most common is otitis media—an infection of the middle ear. Children under six are more prone to this infection, because the tube that runs from the throat to the ear—the Eustachian tube—is straight instead of slanted, and so infections of the nose and throat can easily spread to their middle ear cavity. A child may complain of an earache if he is suffering from a toothache or tonsillitis, if the glands in his neck are swollen, or if he has been out in the cold without a hat. An earache with intense pain may result from otitis externa—an infection of the outer ear—if, for example, a foreign object has been poked into the ear or if a boil has developed.

Possible Symptoms

  • Pain in the area around the ear
  • A temperature of over 98.6° F (37° C)
  • Discharge of pus from the ear
  • Deafness
  • Inflammation of the tonsils
  • Pain when the ear is touched
  • Swollen glands
  • Rubbing of the ear in a young child

Is it serious?

An earache with loss of hearing is serious.

What should I do first?

  1. Take your child’s temperature to see if he has a fever.
  2. Check if there is any discharge from the ear, and whether your child’s hearing is diminished. To do this, call his name quietly when his head is averted. See if he turns around.
  3. Examine the back of your child’s throat to see if the tonsils are abnormally enlarged or red.
  4. Check if your child has any inflammation in the outer ear cavity. Don’t put a cotton swab into the ear or use eardrops unless your doctor advises it.

Should I seek medical help?

Seek medical advice if your child complains of an earache, since most earache is caused by an infection. Consult a doctor immediately if your child is in pain, has a high fever, or if you notice any discharge from his ear. Consult a doctor as soon as possible if he is too young to tell you, and is crying, and pulling or rubbing his ear.

What might the doctor do?

Your doctor will examine your child to determine the cause of the earache. If necessary, he will recommend antibiotics.

What can I do to help?

  • Place a warm hot-water bottle, covered by a towel, next to your child’s ear, and give him child acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve the pain.
  • Make it sure to avoid water from entering your child’s ear while bathing him.

How To Treat Dental Abscess?

A dental abscess is a pus-filled cavity that develops at the root of a decayed tooth. In a primary tooth, an abscess can damage the underlying permanent tooth if it is left untreated. Abscesses are nearly always very painful since they are in such a confined area, and the pain does not always respond to pain medication.

Is it serious?

An abscess should be treated seriously since it causes great discomfort, and can result in a lost tooth.

Possible Symptoms

  • Red, inflamed lump on one side of the tooth in the gum
  • Throbbing pain
  • Swelling  and Tenderness and on the affected side of the face
  • Swollen neck glands
  • Feeling pain below the ear on the affected side of the face 

What should I do first?

  1. Examine the gum around the tooth and if you notice a red lump, gently feel it with your fingertip. It will be soft and spongy because of the underlying collection of pus.
  2. Give your child liquid acetaminophen or ibuprofen to try to relieve the pain. Do not use local anaesthetics, such as oil of cloves. These can damage the gum margin, leading to more dental problems.
  3. Rinse your child’s mouth with water to speed the bursting of the abscess, and to wash away any pus that has seeped out.
  4. Apply a covered hot-water bottle to your child’s cheek to soothe the pain.

Should I seek medical help?

Consult your dentist as soon as possible.

What might the dentist do?

  • The dentist will drain the pus by either opening the gum or removing the tooth if there is no possibility of saving it. Both will be done with a local anaesthetic.
  • Your dentist will prescribe a course of antibiotics to eradicate the infection. Your child may also be prescribed a mouthwash to use three or four times a day until the wound has healed.

What can I do to help?

  • Maintain regular tooth brushing to minimize tooth decay.
  • Ensure your child’s dental check-up from the age of one.
  • Cut down on the candy, sugary foods, and carbonated drinks in your child’s diet

HOW TO TREAT NOSEBLEED

A nosebleed occurs when a small area of blood vessels on the inner surface of the nose ruptures. This can be caused by hard blowing, by sneezing, such as when your child has a common cold or hay fever, by a bump on the nose, by picking the nose, or by a foreign object in the nose; in this last instance, the blood will be accompanied by a blood-stained, foul-smelling discharge. The blood loss from a nosebleed can look very dramatic, but is usually only a small amount.

 

Is it serious?

A nosebleed is rarely serious. If your child has frequent nosebleeds that don’t stop easily, seek medical help; if his nose bleeds after a blow to the head, dial for emergency help if necessary.

  1. Don’t try to staunch the blood by pushing anything into the nostrils. Sit your child down with his head forward over a basin or sink.
  2. Apply firm pressure to both nostrils, gripping his nose between your thumb and forefinger just where the bone ends. Squeeze until the bleeding stops. Don’t let him put his head back during a nosebleed. This allows blood to drip down the back of the nose into the stomach and can cause irritation and vomiting.

 

Should I seek medical help?

Seek medical advice immediately if the nosebleed fails to stop after 30 minutes and your child is dizzy. Get help urgently if there is a foreign object in your child’s nose, or if the bleeds are frequent.

 

What might the doctor do?

  • If your child is feeling headache or blow to head, he may need to have an X-ray, to rule out the possibility of a fractured skull.
  • If the nosebleed has failed to stop, your doctor will pack your child’s nose with gauze to stem the blood flow. This will be done under a local anaesthetic. The gauze can be removed after a couple of hours.
  • If your child has a foreign object stuck in his nose, it may be removed under local anaesthetic if necessary.
  • If the nosebleeds are frequent, your child may be referred to an ear, nose, and throat specialist for assessment. If the recurrent nosebleeds are caused by a fragile blood vessel, the specialist may cauterize it. This involves burning off the end of the vessel, and is done under general anaesthesia.

What can I do to help?

  • Don’t let your child blow his nose for at least three hours after a nosebleed; the bleeding might start again.

The Race has Become Diseased

The race has become diseased, is suffering, cries out for a betterment of its conditions, grows constantly more embittered and renounces its faith in the powers, human and divine.

Epidemics of terrific proportions sweep their recurring millions into the arms of death; diseases of stupendous mortality, such as tuberculosis, cancer, syphilis, diabetes, and the extensive array of so-called contagious diseases of children, are continually increasing, in spite of doctors, hospitals, sanatoria, hydros, hygienics, asylums, nostrums and serums, and continue to afflict humanity, taking their ghastly toll in daily thousands, despite the vaunted but theoretical advancement of Medical Science.

In the field of medical science the controversy rages at full blast today. An endless succession of hypotheses, conjectures and dogmas lies widespread before us—a troubled sea of uncertainties—a complex labyrinth of doubt. The “doctors of medicine” are many but responsible physicians are few, while disease is constantly on the increase among mankind.

It is really little that the people have to learn, for instinct has taught them there is little to be hoped of succour from the professional source. But the world-old habit of superstitious fear and reverence for the “Medicine Man” fetish yet holds its grip upon the race—alike in the savage or the Senate and, despite the knowledge of its fallacy, humanity, still faithful, turns to it weakly, fear-driven, in its hour of distress, knowing no self-reliance and no safer refuge.

The reader will pardon this digression, since it is better that from the outset we should divest ourselves of all delusions and recognize existing conditions as they really are in order that it may help to eliminate these ignorant superstitions from the public mind and implant therein the wholesome fact that there is no magic in medicine but simply an ordinary problem of cause and effect.

Existence is movement; the whole visible world is progress, development. These are facts which, in truth, are daily becoming more generally known. But man— even modern man—is still so stubbornly unyielding in his faith that what he learns in an instant becomes immovably rooted in his mind to the utter exclusion, generally, of anything new, which even though it be a matter of demonstrated fact, it matters not if at variance with this earlier knowledge; to him it is an impossibility.

How often the fallacy of such ultra-conservative principles has been demonstrated has no bearing upon the case; the fact remains—irrational, stupid though it be— that, sublimely indifferent to criticism, it survives, with all the wrong and persecution that follows in its train.

But one of the most noticeable surprises of this description occurred in the year 1896, when Professor Roentgen made public his discovery of the X-rays; for through this discovery facts were disclosed such for instance, as the permeability of solid bodies by luminous rays and the possibility of photographic examination of bony tissues in living creatures—facts entirely incompatible with prevailing ideas and teachings.

But these facts were not only intrinsically veracious but were capable of occular demonstration, beyond all possibility of doubt, and thus, as nothing could be changed or refuted, science found itself compelled, for once, to honour the truth in its initial stage—to receive them gracefully unto itself and adopt them in its teachings.

Let us Pass on Rather to the Gentler Sex

Where are the sprightly, modest maidens with cheeks rosy with healthy blood, graceful in figure with well developed forms—the chaste, pure spirit shining in their eyes, with witchery and common sense combined? Where are the fathers and mothers whose good fortune it is to possess such children as these? Can it be that they should deem these caricatures of fashion worthy of their fond desire?—these whose days are spent in idling, who find their pleasure in the streets, the shops, the theatres and the like they term “society?”

Those men are old at forty years. Those youths too often die at twenty, dissipated wrecks, holding as a mere ceremony the marriage they expect eventually to consummate; or married, now and then produce a single child that had far better never have been born.

What of those mothers who cannot nourish their own offspring, but fain would make shift with all imaginable unnatural substitutes and bring up children in whom a predisposition to disease has already been born? Oh nature! High and mighty mistress! A bitter penalty dost thou exact from these thine erring progeny. And rightly so.

Cruelly plain dost thou stamp thy mark on the tiny brow of the unborn child to mark in what degree its parents have departed from thine eternal ways of truth. When a great man, recently, in his address before the body of a famous university, solemnly asserted that mankind is growing better, day by day, he must have had before his inner eye fair visions of a future race—the Future of Truth, which come it must—some day—but now lies dormant in the lap of the gods, its alluring, visionary, transcendental form depicted, for an optimistic instant, in the fervent, hopeful heart of a sincere but far-sighted reformer. But it is written: false prophets must come, deceiving in respect to all things in heaven and earth. “Mundus vult decipi, ergo decipiatur.” (The world wishes to be deceived, therefore, let it be deceived.) The world elects to be deceived. It is so—often on the most paltry of pretences. And here lies the fatal and prolific cause which has ever, throughout the ages, wrought infinite harm and impeded the progress of the world: The world’s indifference to truth. For the proper understanding and radical cure of any disease it is of primary importance to have before the mind’s eye a distinct picture of its character and developments, thus tracing it back step by step to its source, so that the therapeutic, or healing measures employed may be properly adjusted to its various stages. Nature has her foes, chief amongst which are ignorance, indulgence and fear; and these foes have ever waged fierce warfare upon her from time immemorial. But today a positive spiritual revolution is being wrought among men, for Mother Nature is calling defaulting humanity back to herself with no uncertain voice.

Back to Nature is now the cry. Never before were homilies on food so manifold and the ability to profit by them so diminished; never were remedies so abundant and conditions of health so bad; never were deeds of charity so numerous and the poor so discontented; never were measures of reform so prominent and their results so meagre; never was production of commodities so enormous and the cost of living so excessive; never were the resources of all the world so accessible and counterfeits so plentiful; never was enlightenment so widely diffused and sound judgment so restricted; never were the avenues of truth so open, yet never was falsehood so widespread, as in our time.

Our age—well named by Dr. Rudolph Weil, the Age of Nerves—has brought to our service the most significant development of natural forces—electricity in all its forms of application, to medicine and industry and traffic; the expression of motive power in terms of machinery—railroads, ocean travel, air navigation, and endless appliances from the almost limitless scope of which, in the hands of man, the master, not even the very wild beasts escape. Meanwhile however—most strange anomaly—mankind degenerates in body and still more in mind.

The Hereditary Tendencies

In ancient days, when Athens was the centre of culture and of learning, the Greek mothers were more prone to regard the significance of pre-natal influences than are the mothers of the present day of putative advancement.

The hereditary tendencies of child-life, with all its complexities of racial and ancestral character and the qualities resulting from the dual source of parentage, were then perhaps better understood, or at least more seriously considered; also the obvious but grossly disregarded fact that the cradled infant of today may be the responsible citizen of the future, was kept more effectively in mind and its significance to the State more fully recognized.

The wisdom of Solomon was never more clearly demonstrated than when he said: “Train up a child in the way he should go; and when he is old, he will not depart from it.” It is a piece of world philosophy which has reigned unquestioned throughout the ages—a policy upon which human discernment, in Church and State, has relied with unfailing effect; “for the thoughts of a child are long, long thoughts”—those well-remembered words, how true; for those “long thoughts”—the mental environment of the formative period of child-life—do inevitably determine the future character of the individual, and the immediate result of neglect in these vitally important stages is painfully and promptly apparent in the aggressive and unchildlike deportment of the turbulent young neophytes of both sexes, so disproportionately in evidence in all directions throughout the community of the present, as to bring into ridicule and utter contempt existing methods of control.

This dire defect in individual restraint may be largely ascribed to both physical and mental degeneracy, of hereditary origin; and when to this is added the attempts of parents to maintain the tranquility of the home by threats, bribery and fatuous promises—undue severity on the one hand and undue licence on the other—serious developments are not far to seek. It has been well said that children who are governed through their appetites in their infancy are usually governed by their appetites in maturity.

Thus it is, by unwise methods of control which appeal wholly to the spirit of greed, emulation and selfishness in the child—the purely animal instincts—with perhaps the occasional degrading influence of corporal punishment, as a later development, that so many young lives are wrecked and the downward path made easy which leads through duplicity to crime. The infantile precosity of the age leaves little scope for the old-time sentimental prudery of parents who fail to discriminate between innocence and ignorance; but it has been stated by a well known American authority on the subject of child-culture, whose experience of child-life and schools is nation-wide, that only about one child in a hundred receives proper instruction early enough to protect it from vice. Then again there supervenes the evil of the competitive school system which, too frequently, forces the education of a child beyond the natural order of growth. Countless numbers of little ones are injured by enforced premature development, thereby diverting the vital forces to the development of the brain which should be devoted to the development of the body.

Encompassed by such a chain of adverse circumstances as the combined result of parental egotism and pedantic, pedagogical ignorance, is it wonderful, I would ask, that the ghastly record of the hideous sacrifice of child-life is what it is, and that the young lives which do by chance escape the horrible holocaust, still reap the prevailing harvest of prolific ills of which the coming explanation will give some adequate conception.

Often the fondly futile questions fall from the anxious lips of maternal foreboding: What has the future in store for me? Will my child live? Will providence grant me this long-sought blessing? A thousand such thoughts continually assail the heart in a mother’s intense solicitude; but not in vain will her hopes be set, if haply, she may reverently follow the course of Mother Nature’s laws and precepts, into which I will endeavor to give you some insight.

Every thinking man must shudder to find it recorded in statistical tables how insane asylums and prisons are overflowing, how suicides and crimes against life and soul are but common incidents. It is not hard for each one of us to see the demon of greed and avarice in the eyes of those we meet, ready and eager to snatch away the very bread from the lips of his fellow man because he, too, is hungry and lacking life’s necessities. The egotism of mankind grows constantly stronger; all are in haste to become rich, that thus they may enjoy life before its little span is spent.

What has become of the youths exuberant in strength, who once were wont to set out, all jubilant with song, in their heyday of freedom, to revel in nature and bathe their lungs in its balsamic atmosphere—to return strengthened to their sleep at early evening, and who really sought to retain their health? They who were the pride of their parents, the joy of their sisters, the blissful hope of a waiting bride. Can we recognize such in the average youth of today,—the citizen of the tomorrow—these effigies of men, degraded by the demons of alcohol and nicotine, by the gambling passion, and by the company of loose women, into dissipated dissolute invalids unwholesome in themselves and a menace to the race?