Both children and adults can use braces with good results. There is no clear upper age limit for when you can start the adjustment, as was previously thought. The same types of bite abnormalities can be operated both in children and adults. A special group of adults are people who are or have been seriously affected by gum disease periodontitis. As a result, the teeth have lost some of their attachment to the jaw bone, they may begin to “walk” and change position. How easily arise annoying weeds and splay between the teeth in addition to new positions as rotations and unusually large overbite. Tongue and lip muscles affect this migration to a large extent.
It is in most cases possible to regulate these cases successfully. It is important that the root cause, which is gum disease treated initially or partially with the regulation. The treatment requires usually fixed apparatus on the front of the teeth, but the treatment time is relatively short compared with the other regulation. To prevent the teeth return to such a condition were before treatment, the teeth remain fixed in its new position with a thin string which is glued onto the back of the teeth. This string will be permanent.
CHILDREN AND braces
When one looks at the number of children with regulatory apparatus, one would think that the incidence of bite has increased sharply in recent years. It is not the case; the need has been the same for years that is the extent of treatments has increased.
It is estimated that roughly approximately. 30 – 35% of children need regulation on the basis of functional and cosmetic criteria.
Undershot, large overbite and open bite can cause problems with biting and chewing normal food. Where teeth bite on the gums in the opposite jaw, one can get hurt.
Large overbite can also provide TMJ jaw which kept far ahead camouflaging error. Temporomandibular joint lavage may be mentioned also have a number of other reasons. In an affluent society like the
WHEN TO START?
There is no definitive answer to this question. Is there a disparity between the jaw size and position between the jaws, one might start treatment relatively early (about 9-10 years old) to take advantage of jaw growth.
In case of discrepancy between tooth size and jaw size, one usually starts when most permanent teeth have erupted (11-12 years old). This is the most common. Then the tooth’s eruption and not age that determines.
The rehabilitation program will be on the basis of a thorough feasibility study of teeth and supporting, study models, x-ray of jaws and front part of the skull in profile. After that, a diagnosis and a treatment plan with projections discussed with the patient. The specific treatment program will vary from person to person, and cannot be described on a general basis.
Cards may be mentioned that the distinction between fixed and removable appliances. In most cases, solid solutions are used in the treatment as these are effective and easy to control. One can also combine fixed and removable appliances.
Use of fluoride and a very good cleaning is important in order to avoid gaps in the regulation period. Most children have no holes when the devices are removed. At long treatments dental roots are shortened somewhat without significance. In a few, this process can go quickly and in such cases it should be discontinued. A shortening of tooth roots are seen on radiographs.
LONG TERM RESULTS
After adjustment is complete, you have to keep your teeth in their new position for the result to be stable. This phase is called retention. The length of retention will vary, but 1-2 years is not unusual. Adult patients can be referred to also be regulated with good results and mostly the same principles as a child. This is relevant in tooth distances in connection with gum disease or injury and during surgical correction of the jaws. Many adults need to have a very long retention phase and one must accept periods of “strings of teeth.” In rare cases, the result will not be stable due that lip-heavy feature not adapt to the new conditions, but in most cases, braces to very big help, also for adult patients.